vt. 废除,废止; 取消,革除; 消灭; 撤销

时态:abolished, abolishing, abolishes

→前缀ab-, 离开,非。词根ol,生长,滋养,同old, adult.

废除[abol=do away with(消除)]
vt.废除(法律,习惯等);取消Bad customs should be abolished.我们应当废除坏的风俗.

US [-'bɑ:.lɪʃ] verb transitive
to end an activity or custom officially 废除,废止
I think bullfighting should be abolished.我认为应该废止斗牛。
National Service was abolished in Britain in 1962.英国的国民兵役制度于1962年废止。

repeal, delete, cancel, abolish
repeal: 书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议、法案或法律等。
delete: vt. 删除
cancel: 用法广泛,多指取消债务、合同、证书、比赛、旅行、计划或约会等。
abolish: 正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度、规章或习俗。

extinguish, dispose, erase, exclude, cancel, eliminate, abolish
extinguish: v.熄灭,扑灭(火);使沉默,使暗淡。
 • Firefighters extinguished a big fire.   消防队员扑灭了大火。
dispose: v.处理,处置;表示“除掉、扔掉”时常与of连用。(这一点需要注意。)
 • After your picnic, please dispose of the litter.   野餐后请清除掉垃圾。
erase: v.除去,擦掉,指有意识地除去字迹、声音等。
 • I erased the music on the tape before recording on the tape again.   我在往磁带上录音之前先消掉了上面的音乐。
exclude: v.排斥;排除,不包括在内,与include互为反义词。
 • The restaurant excludes anyone who is not properly dressed from entering.   衣冠不整者不得进入该餐馆。
cancel: v.对预先安排的某种活动(如旅行、计划、会议等)的取消;删去(字、句)。
 • The meeting has been cancelled because of the flu.   会议由于流感而取消了。
eliminate: v.指消除、淘汰已经存在但是现在不需要的东西。
 • The losing team was eliminated from further competition.   失利的那个队被淘汰了,不能参加下一阶段的比赛。
 • The doctor helped him eliminate toxins from the intestine.   医生帮助他排出肠中毒素。
abolish: v.指对法律、习俗、制度的废除;完全破坏。
 • The government abolished the tax on alcohol.   政府取消了酒税。

preclude, discard, abandon, eliminate, abolish, dismiss
preclude: 排除
discard: 丢弃,抛弃(可指人也可指物)
abandon: 放弃(某物)
eliminate: 消除,淘汰
abolish: (依法)废除
dismiss: 解雇

vt. 废除,废止;取消,革除
 - recall, suppress
柯林斯星级: ★★☆☆☆
1.VERB 动词废除,废止(制度、习俗等) If someone in authority abolishes a system or practice, they formally put an end to it.

【语法信息】:V n
  • The following year Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty for murder...


  • The whole system should be abolished.


abolishdo away with

To abolish is to get rid of or annul. So when the principal yells at you for the 100th time for not having your shirt tucked in, it's safe to wish they'd just abolish the silly dress code.

The word abolish might stir up some historical connotations, since in the U.S. it's commonly associated with bringing an end to slavery. In fact, those who opposed slavery were called "abolitionists." Coming to us from the Latin word abolere, meaning to "destroy, cause to die out, or retard the growth of," these days abolish is used bring a final and official-sounding end to laws, codes and other non-crowd pleasing practices.

  1. Middle English abolisshen
    中古英语 abolisshen
  2. from Old French abolir aboliss-
    源自 古法语 abolir aboliss-
  3. from Latin abolēre * see al- 2
    源自 拉丁语 abolēre *参见 al- 2

abolʹishable adj.(形容词)
abolʹisher n.(名词)
abolʹishment n.(名词)

abolish, exterminate, extinguish, extirpate, eradicate, obliterate
  1. These verbs mean to get rid of.
  2. Abolish applies only to doing away with conditions, practices, or regulations, not material things or persons:
    Abolish 仅指消除状况、行为或条令,而不是物质或人:
    The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.
  3. Exterminate suggests total destruction, as of living things, by a deliberate, selective method:
    Exterminate 指用故意、有选择性的方式完全毁坏,如生物:
    Entire peoples were exterminated in the concentration camps.
  4. Extinguish means to put out a flame or something likened to a flame:
    Extinguish 指扑灭诸如火之类的事物:
    Repeated rebuffs couldn't extinguish my enthusiasm.
  5. Extirpate suggests effective destruction by removing roots or entrenched causes:
    Extirpate 指用除去根或其他稳固的根源进行有效的破坏:
    The police arrested dealers in an attempt to extirpate drug abuse.
  6. Eradicate shares the connotations ofextirpate but stresses the resistance to dislodgment offered by the object:
    Eradicate 有Extirpate 的含义,但强调物体所产生的抵抗:
    Scientists are working to find a serum to eradicate the disease.
  7. Obliterate means to destroy so as to leave no trace:
    Obliterate 指不留痕迹地破坏:
    Amnesia mercifully obliterated his memory of the accident.
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